Unionists on Puerto Rican Relief Mission Call Situation Dire

Mark Gruenberg

Mark Gruenberg Editor, Press Associates Union News

Unionists on the extended relief mission to hurricane-smashed Puerto Rico call the situation there, three weeks after Hurricane Maria hit, dire. And the head of the Puerto Rico Labor Federation is blunt about the attitude of the U.S. government: “They want us to die.”

The group, including doctors and nurses from California and Oregon, are just a few of more than 300 unionists who headed for the island in a mission the AFL-CIO assembled. They spoke in an October 13 AFL-CIO-arranged conference call.

What the union volunteers found when they arrived, and still find, is devastation, with a lack of food, no running water, virtually no electricity outside the capital of San Juan and spotty cellphone service, if it works at all. Volunteers came from unions with nurses, the Teamsters, building trades union members to clear roads and repair smashed structures, and more.

Despite all the efforts, fallen trees still block numerous roads, preventing relief shipments from getting through and many mountainous communities are virtually isolated, reached only by union teams in small vans dodging those and other obstacles. The Auto Workers’ engineer members had to repair eight of one city’s bulldozers, out of 12 total, disabled by the hurricane, so the dozers could clear the roads.

By contrast, Republican President Donald Trump blames the Puerto Ricans for their own problems and threatens to cut off all federal aid to the commonwealth, whose 3.4 million residents are U.S. citizens.  But three weeks after Hurricane Maria smashed in, “This is a man-made disaster,” retorts Dr. Jim Packard, a Service Employees member from Oakland, Calif.

And while Trump praises the efforts of his Federal Emergency Management Agency, the unionists speak of long lines outside FEMA relief centers, which close at 2 pm daily regardless of how many people still wait for aid, demands they fill out 14-page forms online in an island whose Internet service has been cut off due to lack of power, and people collapsing in the heat as they wait for hours.

And outside San Juan, in many cases FEMA isn’t there at all, the volunteers said. The unionists are.

“We have been the first responders” to the disaster “and it has broken our heart,” said Jose Rodriguez-Baez, the Puerto Rico federation president. “It’s not fair that after 21 days” after the hurricane “this is happening.

“And there has been a negative response” from Washington, he added. “We have to announce this as one, with a loud and thunderous voice: They want us to die.”

The union volunteers there described a number of dire scenes. Packard, who normally treats the homeless at Highland Hospital in Oakland, gave the example of an 87-year-old woman he saw in a rural town in the mountains. She lives alone and has no transportation. “She’s a sweet, calm and frail lady” who first told Packard to check on her neighbors down the road. But when he started asking specific questions, she confessed she hadn’t eaten in three days, that the next relief package wasn’t due for a week “and she started to break down.

“We’re trying to give people a little bit of a lifeline until more help can get there,” Packard added.

Besides food and potable water – the amounts limited by the carrying capacity of the volunteers’ vans and the roads clogged with fallen trees – the medical volunteers from SEIU, National Nurses United and the American Federation of Teachers nurses’ sector are also teaching people about methods to purify water and otherwise avoid potentially deadly diseases, such as cholera.

“People are somehow surviving on the food and medicines that are on hand,” said AFT nurse Erin Calera, quoting a colleague who went to another mountain town. “But there’s no running water and no electricity. We provided urgent care where we could. But there is a public health crisis coming.”

“It’s outrageous that we’re leaving our fellow Americans like this,” Calera exclaimed.    

“People in Puerto Rico are dying,” declared National Nurses United Vice President Kathy Kennedy of Sacramento, one of the 50-plus RNs her union sent in its Registered Nurses Response Network team.

They won’t be counted in the official death statistics from the storms, she added, because they’re dying of diseases, including heart attacks from overwork in rebuilding shattered houses, diabetics who can’t receive their insulin because they can’t find an open pharmacy, or people dying from being forced to drink contaminated water, because no fresh water is available.

“We go into a community and all they ask for is food and water,” she added. The federal government “didn’t do this” – fail to respond – to the stateside victims of Hurricanes Irma and Harvey, which hit Florida and Texas just before Puerto Rico was clobbered. “Puerto Rico is part of the U.S., and if President Trump wants to cut off FEMA, that’s ridiculous.”

San Juan Mayor Carmen Yulin Cruz, who has been outspoken in pleading for aid, and directly challenging Trump’s characterizations, contrasted his attitude with that of the unions: “The compassion and great heart has strengthened our body and touched our soul. Where others fail, you give us hope and you did not run away. Your presence here reassures us” of “the nature of the American spirit.”

"We had nurses, doctors, engineers, truck drivers. They came together on three days’ notice to step up in the recovery effort and they’ve been working around the clock,” said AFL-CIO Secretary-Treasurer Liz Shuler, who led the initial planeload of volunteers and whose office set up the call. The unionists’ aid will continue long-term: The fed plans to send more ships with goods and water and union volunteers will stay as long as necessary.  

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Posted In: Allied Approaches

Union Matters

Freight can’t wait

From the USW

From tumbledown bridges to decrepit roads and failing water systems, crumbling infrastructure undermines America’s safety and prosperity. In coming weeks, Union Matters will delve into this neglect and the urgent need for a rebuilding campaign that creates jobs, fuels economic growth and revitalizes communities.

A freight train hauling lumber and nylon manufacturing chemicals derailed, caught fire and caused a 108-year-old bridge to collapse in Tempe, Ariz., this week, in the second accident on the same bridge within a month.

The bridge was damaged after the first incident, according to Union Pacific railroad that owns the rail bridge, and re-opened two days later. 

The official cause of the derailments is still under investigation, but it remains clear that the failure to modernize and maintain America’s railroad infrastructure is dangerous. 

In 2019, 499 trains that derailed were found to have defective or broken track, roadbed or structures, according to the Federal Railroad Administration’s database of safety analysis.

While railroad workers’ unions have called for increased safety improvements, rail companies have also used technology and automation as an excuse to downsize their work forces.

For example, rail companies have implemented a cost-saving measure known as Precision Scheduled Railroading (PSR), which has resulted in mass layoffs and shoddy safety protocols. 

Though privately-owned railroads have spent significantly to upgrade large, Class I trains, regional Class II trains and local, short-line Class III trains that carry important goods for farmers and businesses still rely on state and local funds for improvements. 

But cash-strapped states struggle to adequately inspect new technologies and fund safety improvements, and repairing or replacing the aging track and rail bridges will require significant public investment.

A true infrastructure commitment will not only strengthen the country’s railroad networks and increase U.S. global economic competitiveness. It will also create millions of family-sustaining jobs needed to inspect, repair and manufacture new parts for mass transit systems, all while helping to prevent future disasters.

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