To Pass Tax Reform, the GOP Will Need to Divide and Conquer

Robert Borosage

Robert Borosage Co-Director, Campaign for America's Future

Having failed to repeal Obamacare, Republicans are turning to their true passion: cutting taxes and starving government of funds.

But, given the narrow margins and internal divisions of the Republican’s congressional majorities, particularly in the Senate, Democratic votes may well determine what, if anything, gets passed.

Democrats, their spines stiffened by a ferocious grass-roots mobilization, have demonstrated uncharacteristic unity in the early months of the Trump administration. But tax cuts — and the deep-pocketed lobbyists that push for them — are always hard for politicians to resist. Could this be the issue that divides the left?

Indeed, the three Democratic senators who dined with President Donald Trump this summer suggested just such a crack in party unity is possible.

Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) released a letter in August signed by all but three Democratic senators laying out principles for bipartisan cooperation: no tax breaks for the richest 1 percent; no increased burden on the middle class; tax reform passed by “regular order,” meaning through bipartisan Senate support; and the reforms must not sap the revenue needed to fund the government adequately.

The three Democratic senators who did not sign the letter — Joe Donnelly of Indiana, Heidi Heitkamp of North Dakota and Joe Manchin of West Virginia — are all in the party’s conservative wing. All are also up for re-election in 2018, in states that Trump won handily.

Not surprisingly, they are also the three Democrats whom Trump invited to dinner.

Eighteen House members of the Democratic Party’s more conservative (and shrunken) “Blue Dog” caucus issued their own principles for cooperation, including “regular order,” revenue neutral (paid for by loophole closing or spending cuts), middle class focus and a weak-tea version of Schumer’s “not 1 cent” for the rich proposition. They also embraced the need for corporate tax rate reductions in order to “compete globally.”

The Trump administration’s broad outline scorns these basic Democratic principles. Trump has trumpeted his desire for bipartisan cooperation in passing the “biggest tax cut and reform package in the history of our country,” and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) has publicly urged Democratic support. In fact, McConnell and House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-Wis.) are committed to passing a tax cut using arcane reconciliation rules that allow legislation to pass the Senate without Democratic votes.

Republicans have made no real effort to engage Democrats in the drafting process of their bill. Yet a few Democrats could likely be seduced.

To date, Republicans have made no real effort to engage Democrats in the drafting process of their bill. According to analysis provided by the non-partisan Tax Policy Center, the GOP's framework would significantly benefit the very wealthy while middle class families would come away with much more modest gains — roughly $35 a month. Far from revenue neutral, the tax break under the Senate budget would also add $1.5 trillion to the debt in 10 years.

Yet a few Democrats could likely be seduced — particularly on corporate tax cuts.

Trump has called for a massive retroactive tax break for the large corporations that have shielded an estimated $2.5 trillion in profits from taxes by reporting them as earned overseas. Trump claims allowing them to pay a token rate — 8 percent to 10 percent — would “return trillions” that would be invested in America.

Past experience proves this is wrong. But many Democrats — including President Barack Obama when he was in office — have promoted similar ideas.

Legislators in both parties are eager to cut the nominal top corporate tax rate — now 35 percent — and pay for it by closing loopholes that reward “special interests.” But, of course, every loophole has a powerful lobby mobilized to protect it.

One Republican target — ending the deduction for state and local taxes — would chiefly penalize taxpayers in high-tax, largely Democratic states like New York and California.

The Democratic senators from West Virginia, North Dakota and Indiana may not find this objectionable. But Republican legislators from high-tax states will be under immense pressure from their own donors to preserve the break

The initial reactions of the more conservative Democrats to the Republican framework have been negative. Manchin, one of the Trump’s dinner guests, agrees that the “middle class does need a break,” but says the Republican framework “needs some adjustment.” Blue Dog Rep. Jim Costa (D-Calif.) said the administration promised something with “meat on the bone,” but the framework didn’t have it. “I don’t think we saw bones,” chimed in Rep. Brad Schneider (D-Ill.).

It remains to be seen whether Republicans can agree on a tax plan among themselves, much less cut a deal with a few Democratic senators if needed.

It remains to be seen whether Republicans can agree on a tax plan among themselves, much less cut a deal with a few Democratic senators if needed. What’s missing in the debate, however, is that the whole enterprise is wrong-headed.

In fact, tax cuts — particularly for corporations and the rich — are the least effective way to generate jobs. The argument for them is mostly flim-flam.

Meanwhile, inequality has reached obscene levels and corporate profits are at record levels.

Real tax reform would mean corporations and the rich pay more in taxes. This would provide the resources needed for the public investment that would actually create growth, make our economy more competitive and our communities more healthy.

To unify Democrats, much less Republicans, around that position would require a massive citizen mobilization. Poll after poll shows that making the rich and corporations pay their fair share of taxes is among the highest public priorities.

There is no popular demand for tax cuts for the rich or the corporations. But money still talks in Washington and reforms that would hike taxes on the rich and make corporations pay the taxes they owe aren’t even on the table.

Democratic unity has been vital in protecting Americans from Republican efforts to strip millions of health insurance or gut programs for the most vulnerable. In the coming tax debate, that unity will be even more crucial — but far more difficult to maintain.

***

Reposted from NBC

Robert Borosage and Campaign for America’s Future Co-Director Roger Hickey are co-editors of the book, The Next Agenda: Blueprint for a New Progressive Movement. Follow Robert L. Borosage on Twitter: www.twitter.com/borosage

Posted In: Allied Approaches

Union Matters

Get to Know AFL-CIO's Affiliates: National Association of Letter Carriers

From the AFL-CIO

Next up in our series that takes a deeper look at each of our affiliates is the National Association of Letter Carriers.

Name of Union: National Association of Letter Carriers (NALC)

Mission: To unite fraternally all city letter carriers employed by the U.S. Postal Service for their mutual benefit; to obtain and secure rights as employees of the USPS and to strive at all times to promote the safety and the welfare of every member; to strive for the constant improvement of the Postal Service; and for other purposes. NALC is a single-craft union and is the sole collective-bargaining agent for city letter carriers.

Current Leadership of Union: Fredric V. Rolando serves as president of NALC, after being sworn in as the union's 18th president in 2009. Rolando began his career as a letter carrier in 1978 in South Miami before moving to Sarasota in 1984. He was elected president of Branch 2148 in 1988 and served in that role until 1999. In the ensuing years, he worked in various roles for NALC before winning his election as a national officer in 2002, when he was elected director of city delivery. In 2006, he won election as executive vice president. Rolando was re-elected as NALC president in 2010, 2014 and 2018.

Brian Renfroe serves as executive vice president, Lew Drass as vice president, Nicole Rhine as secretary-treasurer, Paul Barner as assistant secretary-treasurer, Christopher Jackson as director of city delivery, Manuel L. Peralta Jr. as director of safety and health, Dan Toth as director of retired members, Stephanie Stewart as director of the Health Benefit Plan and James W. “Jim” Yates as director of life insurance.

Number of Members: 291,000 active and retired letter carriers.

Members Work As: City letter carriers.

Industries Represented: The United States Postal Service.

History: In 1794, the first letter carriers were appointed by Congress as the implementation of the new U.S. Constitution was being put into effect. By the time of the Civil War, free delivery of city mail was established and letter carriers successfully concluded a campaign for the eight-hour workday in 1888. The next year, letter carriers came together in Milwaukee and the National Association of Letter Carriers was formed.

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There is Dignity in All Work

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