The Minimum Wage is Not a Partisan Issue

Oren Levin-Waldman

Oren Levin-Waldman Professor of Public Policy and Public Administration, Metropolitan College of New York

The Minimum Wage is Not a Partisan Issue

When it comes to the minimum wage, some things just never change. As it has in the past, the proposal to raise the minimum wage divides along partisan lines with Democrats supporting it and Republicans opposing it. Again, Senate Republicans demonstrated that they never miss an opportunity to miss an opportunity when they blocked a vote on the measure through filibuster. It is ironic that the party that accuses the Democrats of sabotaging economic performance through heavy-handed regulation and confiscatory taxation would block the only measure that truly benefits the middle class.

 

The minimum wage should not be a partisan issue, rather it should be viewed as a measure designed to help the middle class. Contrary to the standard bromides that it will either cost jobs and that only teenagers earn the minimum wage, the minimum wage actually has positive welfare benefits. First of all, the data on job loss is ambiguous at best. Older studies have noted that increases in the minimum wage result in lower employment studies among teenagers, but they also note that this is less so among adults. More recent studies actually show that there really have been no employment consequences due to recent increases in the minimum wage.  Second of all, most minimum wage earners are not teenagers, but are adults with children.

Core issues in the minimum wage tend to be obscured by a singular focus on only those earning the statutory minimum wage. We then lose sight of the fact that less important is the minimum wage itself, but what it represents. That is, it is a reference point for the low wage labor market.  This is a critical point because the discussion should be on the effective minimum wage population - those earning in wage ranges around the minimum wage. This was the basis for the CBO concluding in its report a couple of months ago that at least 16 million Americans would get pay raises.

The CBO, however, most likely understated the extent to which the minimum wage would benefit the economy. Data from the Current Population Survey from 1962 to 2008 show visible benefits when income ranges starting with the statutory minimum wage are created. This data showed that when 10 such intervals were created, beginning with the minimum wage in each year, and ranging 25 percent, these 10 intervals actually constituted 70 percent of the labor market by 2008. In each year that the minimum wage increased, so too did the median wages in each of those intervals. And in years when there was no increase, median wages in each interval remained flat.

That the median wages for up to 70 percent of the labor market were increasing only suggests that the minimum wage is really about the middle class. Surely, most of the political opposition to the minimum wage has to stem from the fact that employers will feel compelled to give other workers pay increases. Otherwise, why would an issue that, according to most conservatives, only affects a fraction of the labor market, elicit such a firestorm of opposition? Are we really to believe that they care about employment? If employment were really the concern, then why don't the same voices react strongly every time the Fed raises interest rates? That too cost jobs.

Arguments about employment consequences are nothing more than cover for the real concern, which is employers may be compelled to give others pay raises too. And yet, it ought to be evident to most that workers earning more will be of greater benefit to the economy because their enhanced purchasing power enables them to demand more goods and services in the aggregate. Demand for goods and services is what drives the economy; not the creation of low-wage jobs where workers cannot support themselves and, because they cannot, society is forced to subsidize their low wages through various assistance programs and income supports.

By focusing on the same minimum wage bromides which have drawn partisan battle lines, the Republicans have only handed the Democrats an issue that they can use in the 2014 midterm elections. And yet, if the Democrats don't move away from their traditional presentation of the minimum wage as an anti-poverty issue and begin to couch it as a middle class issue, they too will miss an opportunity. The minimum wage really should not be a partisan issue, rather it should be about shoring up the middle class and doing what is right for the economy.

Posted In: Allied Approaches

Union Matters

Steel for Wind Power

From the USW

From tumbledown bridges to decrepit roads and failing water systems, crumbling infrastructure undermines America’s safety and prosperity. In coming weeks, Union Matters will delve into this neglect and the urgent need for a rebuilding campaign that creates jobs, fuels economic growth and revitalizes communities. 

Siemens Gamesa last month laid off 130 workers at its turbine blade manufacturing plant in Iowa, just months after GE Renewable Energy decided to close an Arkansas factory and eliminate 470 jobs.

The companies reported shrinking demand for their products, even though U.S. consumption of wind energy increases every year.

America’s prosperity depends not only on harnessing this crucial energy source but also ensuring that highly skilled U.S. workers build the components with the cleanest technology available.

Right now, the nation relies on imported steel and turbine components from foreign manufacturers like China while America’s own steel industry—well equipped for this production—struggles because of dumping and other unfair trade practices.

Steel makes up the bulk of turbine hubs and the wind towers themselves. It’s also used to make the cranes and platforms necessary for installing the towers.

Yet the potential boon to America’s steel industry is just one reason to ramp up domestic production of wind energy infrastructure.

American steel production ranks among the cleanest in the world, while China has the highest carbon emissions of any steelmaking nation and flouts environmental regulations.

The nation’s highly-skilled steelmaking workforce must play an essential role in the deeply-needed revitalization and modernization of the nation’s failing infrastructure. Producing the components for harnessing wind energy domestically and cleanly is an important step that will put Americans to work and position the United States to be world leaders in this growing industry.

 

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