Key Panel Oks Multi-Employer Pensions Rescue Bill

Mark Gruenberg

Mark Gruenberg Editor, Press Associates Union News

At a hearing packed with hundreds of workers, lawmakers on the key committee handling pension issues approved  legislation to establish federal loans for troubled multi-employer pension plans.

The measure, HR397, named for Ohio unionist Butch Lewis, who died of a stroke four years ago, would set up a bureau in the Treasury Department to judge applications from the troubled plans. Lewis’s multi-employer plan went broke, and his widow’s pension payout collapsed.

Those plans which can show federal loans would be used to both become solvent and to keep benefits level for current retirees – or their families and survivors – would get the loan funds, repayable after 30 years. The money would come from selling U.S. Treasury bonds.

“We are in the homestretch” of passing HR397, Teamsters President Jim Hoffa said at an outdoor press conference an hour before the July 12 House Ways and Means Committee work session on it. “This is a battle for dignity and for keeping the promises made” to millions of workers. But workers “have to walk the halls” to ensure it passes, he warned.

The multi-employer pension plan problem now affects more than 100 plans serving one million retirees and survivors. Multi-employer plans cover 10 million people overall. They’re common in industries such as trucking, bakeries and confectionery firms, construction, food processing and coal mining.

Joint labor-management boards run the plans, with all employers contributing to the workers’ pensions.

But corporate consolidations, bankruptcies and the plummet in pension values during the 2008 Great Recession put multi-employer plans into the “red zone” of financial danger, where they could go broke within months or years.

The Mine Workers’ two pension plans, which the federal government virtually chartered 72 years ago, are in the most-immediate danger. The biggest threat is the Teamsters’ giant Central and Southern States pension plan.

And the federal Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation’s (PBGC) fund to cover takeovers of broke multi-employer plans – which would pay out far less than what was promised to workers by their multi-employer plans – is running out of cash, too. The result is huge benefit cuts for workers, like Butch Lewis, who sacrificed pay hikes for a decent pension, his widow, Rita, said.

 

“If there’s a better approach than benefit cuts, which the 2014 (multi-employer plan) law led to, I’d like to hear it,” Rep. Ron Kind, D-Wis., challenged the GOP during the work session. He got a round of applause. “It matters that we look out for our people,” added Rep. John Larson, D-Conn.

“This is a solution for everybody, not just Teamsters. These people worked hard for 30 or 40 years to retire with dignity, and we have to make sure that promise is kept,” Hoffa said before that.

But Republicans, both on the Ways and Means panel and overall, call the rescue legislation “a bailout.” And Murray Energy, the nation’s largest coal company, also objects. As a result of mergers and bankruptcies, it would fund 97% of one of UMW’s pension funds.

Panel chair Rep. Richard Neal, D-Mass., along with lead co-sponsor Rep. Peter King, R-N.Y., refuted that bailout charge at the outdoor press conference. Another House panel, the Education and Labor Committee, passed HR397 last month on a party-line 26-18 vote. But Ways and Means writes actual pension and tax legislation, so it’s the key House committee in the mix.

“This is not a bailout. What we are proposing is a backstop: The full faith and credit of the U.S. government, which is used every day worldwide,” through the Treasury bonds, Neal explained. “We will construct a structure, a rehabilitation agency, with minimal costs” to run the pension program.

And, addressing defiant Republicans, Neal stated: “I was here for the S&L (savings and loan) crisis. That was a bailout. I was here for” legislation to deal with “Wall Street” after the 2008 crash. “That was a bailout. They (executives) not only kept their jobs” after tanking the U.S. and world economies “but they got bonuses,” Neal said of the financial finaglers. “That was a bailout.”

“This is not a bailout.”

Without the legislation, Rita Lewis said, “It’s not just that one million families will be hurt,” including thousands in her home state of Ohio. “It’s our communities. It’s our state,” with a $6 billion annual income loss to Ohioans alone. That’s because pensions would be cut by 40% or more, if the retirees or their survivors get anything at all.

“Look at our faces. We matter. We are going to get what we worked for, what we paid for. It’s not a bailout. It’s a loan.”

“I’d ask anyone opposed to this, ‘Did you buy a house? Did you buy a car?’ You took out a loan. This is the same thing.”

Other unions and unionists joined the Teamsters at the outdoor press conference and in the crowded Ways and Means hearing room.

“We’re up here for those who need the attention,” said Larry Greenhill, political director of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local 26 in Lanham, Md. Though his union’s multi-employer plan is solvent, the original congressional idea – approved in 2014 at the last minute – to have financially healthy plans “bail the others out” didn’t fly, he explained in an interview. “This is much better.”

“We’re here for our young brothers’ and sisters’ pensions,” said Local 26 member Jerry Lozupone. “Should we ever get in trouble, we want this to be there for us.” Added Amber Stevens of United Food and Commercial Workers Local 400: “When one is hurt, we all are hurt.”

The legislation, HR397, “offers a real, proactive solution” for the financially ailing plans and the

PBGC, Machinists President Robert Martinez wrote to the Ways and Means panel. It “protects the earned benefits of millions of retirees, workers and their families.”

Plans that get the loans would have to pay pensioners or their families – without benefit cuts – and pay interest on the loans for 30 years, then repay the loan, Martinez explained. Contributing employers would not be able to drop out, but benefits to retirees and survivors would not increase.

HR397 “is the only solution to date which appropriately and adequately addresses the multi-employer pension crisis by providing a lifeline to plans in critical financial status while maintaining the integrity of healthy plans and the PBGC without cutting into earned benefits,” Martinez wrote.

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Posted In: Allied Approaches

Union Matters

Steel for Wind Power

From the USW

From tumbledown bridges to decrepit roads and failing water systems, crumbling infrastructure undermines America’s safety and prosperity. In coming weeks, Union Matters will delve into this neglect and the urgent need for a rebuilding campaign that creates jobs, fuels economic growth and revitalizes communities. 

Siemens Gamesa last month laid off 130 workers at its turbine blade manufacturing plant in Iowa, just months after GE Renewable Energy decided to close an Arkansas factory and eliminate 470 jobs.

The companies reported shrinking demand for their products, even though U.S. consumption of wind energy increases every year.

America’s prosperity depends not only on harnessing this crucial energy source but also ensuring that highly skilled U.S. workers build the components with the cleanest technology available.

Right now, the nation relies on imported steel and turbine components from foreign manufacturers like China while America’s own steel industry—well equipped for this production—struggles because of dumping and other unfair trade practices.

Steel makes up the bulk of turbine hubs and the wind towers themselves. It’s also used to make the cranes and platforms necessary for installing the towers.

Yet the potential boon to America’s steel industry is just one reason to ramp up domestic production of wind energy infrastructure.

American steel production ranks among the cleanest in the world, while China has the highest carbon emissions of any steelmaking nation and flouts environmental regulations.

The nation’s highly-skilled steelmaking workforce must play an essential role in the deeply-needed revitalization and modernization of the nation’s failing infrastructure. Producing the components for harnessing wind energy domestically and cleanly is an important step that will put Americans to work and position the United States to be world leaders in this growing industry.

 

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There is Dignity in All Work

There is Dignity in All Work